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Title: Isolation and Characterization of Active Principle from Rhynchostylis retusa Leaf Extract
Keywords: Plants, Orchidaceae, Rhynchostylis retusa, Leaves, flavonoids, alkaloids, medicinal properties.
Researcher: Archana Kumari
Guide(s): Dr. Yogesh Kumar Walia
Registration Date: 12/01/2015
Abstract: Plants are astonishing gift to humans and animals from nature. The family orchidaceae is a cosmopolitan and largest family of angiosperms containing one of the largest and diverse groups of orchids consisting 25,000 species with more than 850 genera distributed all over the world except Antarctica. The specialty of this family is that it contains many orchids that possess the medicinal properties as they contains number of constituents like flavonoids, alkaloids etc. Due to the presence of these compounds they are frequently used in day to day life for medicinal remedies. The traditional Indian medicinal system is the oldest arranged medicinal system of the world. Ayurveda is a part of Indian traditional medicines beginning from the Vedic period. The ayurvedic medicines made from plant extracts are used for the treatment of various diseases in South Asia and India. World s 80% population depends upon the medicinal plants for their health. Day by day, the increasing demand of medicinal plants all over the world due to its relatively less side effect and toxicity for the treatment of different diseases like diabetes mellitus, cancer etc. Orchids have not been completely utilized till date by researchers for their medicinal applications. The study on orchids indicates that no one has explored orchid plant Rhynchostylis retusa. Rhynchostylis retusa is a monopodial epiphyte, exotic blooming orchid belonging to the family orchidaceae, genus Rhynchostylis, tribe Vandeae and grows in the forest of lower Himalayan ranges. Rhynchostylis retusa is locally called as Bhungru in Himachal as is disclosed by the local residents and its plant extract is generally used for treatment of joint pains. The assessment of leaf extract of Rhynchostylis retusa for analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal and anti- inflammatory activities was reported. There is enormous scope to explore the leaves of Rhynchostylis retusa for isolation, Characterization and structural elucidation of pure compound from the leaf extract of this orchid plant.The
Language: English
Appears in Department:School of Basic and Applied Sciences

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